Farm Tractors can be commonly categorised by a number of wheels or axles, with main categories of 2-wheel tractors (single-axle tractors) and 4-wheel tractors (two-axle tractors).
Among 4-wheel tractors, most are two-wheel drive (usually at the rear) but many are 2-wheel drive with front-wheel assist, four-wheel drive tractor fitted with articulated steering, or track tractors fitted with steel or rubber tracks.
The farm tractor is used for pushing or pulling farming machinery or trailers, for ploughing, harrowing, planting, tilling, disking, and similar tasks.
A farm tractor used to power a pump for watering a plot of ground. A different variety of speciality farm tractors have been designed for special uses.
Row crop tractors with flexible tread width to enable the tractor to pass down rows of corn, tomatoes or other crops without damaging the plants.
Standard tractors with fixed wheels and a lower centre of gravity for farming and other heavy fieldwork for broadcast crops.
Utility tractors typically smaller tractors with a low centre of gravity and short turning radius, used for landscape maintenance, non-farm grading and mining purposes, especially with loaders, pallet forks, backhoes, and similar devices.
Garden tractors are small, light tractors produced for use in home gardens and small farms. Garden tractors are designed for snow removal, cutting grass and small property cultivation.
Garden tractors from Wheel Horse, Economy (Power King), Cub Cadet, John Deere, Case Ingersoll, and Massey Ferguson are built in this manner.
In the United States, the term riding lawn mower today usually is used to refer to mid- or rear-engine small farming machines.
Front-engine tractor layout machines produced primarily for light towing and cutting grass are called lawn tractors.
Garden tractors are able to mount a wider array of attachments than lawn tractors.
Garden tractors are designed by horizontal-crankshaft engines with a belt-drive to transaxle-type transmissions (usually of 4 or 5 speeds, although some may also have 2-speed reduction gearboxes, hydrostatic, drive-shafts, or hydraulic drives).
The garden tractors engines are commonly 1 or 2 cylinder petrol (gasoline) engines, although diesel engine models are also available, it is especially in Europe.
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